I’ve gone over some of the arguments for the existence of God, now I’m going to turn to the one major philosophical argument against their being of God. Please hang in there with me; I’m doing this in several parts since I’m trying to fight off a lovely illness, and I don’t feel like typing for long periods of time at the present. 🙂
This argument against God is often called “The problem of evil,” though even more often people just ask it as a question, such as, “If God exists why is there evil in the world?”
The philosopher Hume put it this way; “Is he willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is impotent. Is he able but not willing? Then he is malevolent. Is he both able and willing? Whence then is evil?”
Some other vocabulary will suffice in this introduction; the difference between natural evil and moral evil. Natural evil is that evil that occurs because of nature, or the natural world; if I trip and fall, gravity will pull me down. Sometimes when we trip, we break a bone, which leads to suffering…that is one example. Also things like starving, or drowning. Anything that is a result of a natural law, or an effect can be considered a natural evil.
Moral evil is much more “personal” to humans. This evil springs from human will. Anything we do to ourselves or others falls in this category; murder, torture, rape, abuse, etc…. are examples of moral evil.
So, evil is present in our world, not many people dispute that. Most don’t dispute that it is a bad thing either…especially moral evil. In my next few posts I’ll be looking at different responses to this idea of “the problem of evil,” including mankind’s free will, and also asking if it is even a logical argument against God.